Our Emergency Department is here to serve children whose lives may be in danger.
Learn what to expect in the SickKids Emergency Department, from arrival to being seen.
What you need to know about COVID-19 safety precautions before coming to the hospital.
If you can't reach a doctor take your child to the emergency department of your local hospital right away.
Poison help 1-800-268-9017 or 416-813-5900
Health advice on the phone 1-866-797-0000
Trusted health information from our experts
Patients & Visitors
See essential information for patients and visitors, including appointment protocols, directions, patient safety, where to eat and shop, plus much more.
Learn what to expect when you come to SickKids.
Planning Your Visit
SickKids has general guidelines applicable to all clinical appointments.
Review this important information to help prepare for surgery.
Learn about the current guidelines for visiting at SickKids including our fragrance policy and what not to bring.
Learn how to prepare for an overnight stay at the hospital.
Parking is available under the hospital, on Elm St.
Learn where SickKids is located and view maps of our campus.
Discover accessibility accommodations available to you.
Pay your bill online or by other methods.
Learn about our patient and family-centred care model.
Relax and play in our family spaces.
Financial and legal supports available to you.
Grab a bite or shop while at the hospital.
Request access to your personal record.
Interpreter Services caters to many languages.
Access your electronic health record.
Give suggestions and concerns to the Office of Patient and Family Experience.
Patient safety is our top priority. Working together is the best way to keep you and your child safe.
Grab your prescription at Shoppers Drug Mart.
Know your rights at SickKids.
Adult care resources and supports.
Prepare your space and test your equipment before a virtual visit.
Care & Services
As Canada's largest and most respected paediatric academic health sciences centre, we deliver comprehensive services across a wide range of clinical specialties.
Our care extends across a wide range of clinical specialties.
The Department of Bioethics is an academically grounded and clinically and organizationally-focused ethics service.
Information, helpful resources in-hospital supports available to parents and infants.
Our registered dietitians provide nutrition care in both inpatient and outpatient programs.
Child and youth counsellors provide support to patients and families in the psychiatry and eating disorder units, as well as some day programs.
Child Life programs focus on the social and emotional impact of illness and hospitalization.
Get custom orthoses or braces to aid in correction or improved function.
Learn more about the benefits of therapeutic art, music and play.
Genetic counsellors help translate genetic information in a way that is easier to understand for patients and their families.
Discover how SickKids continues to support you and your family after the loss of a child.
PACT works with children who have serious or potentially life threatening illnesses.
The SickKids Team Obesity Management Program (STOMP) is a weight management program focusing on healthy living.
The Social Work Department provides a wide range of services and psychosocial interventions for children, adolescents and families.
The Spiritual & Religious Care Department at SickKids is an inter-faith support to patients, families and staff, whether they are religious or not.
For Health-care Providers
ACTS provides 24-hour medical advice, stabilization and inter-hospital transport for critically ill and injured children.
CPGs help guide health-care professionals in diagnosis and treatment of specific health conditions.
Department of Paediatric Laboratory Medicine (DPLM) provides diagnoses that lead to early selection of best treatment options.
To help reduce gaps in patient care, SickKids permits health-care providers to have medical directives.
Learn more about what it means to be a nurse at SickKids and the approach to care.
Our clinical pharmacists help optimize medication use and improve health outcomes.
Learn how to refer a patient to SickKids.
We offer dedicated rental housing accommodations for new staff.
We focus on neurosciences and mental health disciplines, programs, and services that drive innovation.
We are the dedicated hub for child health-focused activities at SickKids, supporting a global mission for better child health.
We're improving child health through innovative, interdisciplinary research and novel approaches to clinical care and education.
We're advancing paediatric image-guided care, research, and education to develop new treatments and technologies.
We drive research discovery and new therapies, care, and education for cystic fibrosis to benefit children worldwide.
Our innovative virutal centre advances the diagnosis and treatments of children, adolescents and young adults with cancer.
We’re among the top three heart centres in the world, innovating cardiac clinical care, research, and education.
We lead cutting-edge research and provide leading clinical care and education for paediatric IBD patients.
We're Canada's most research-intensive paediatric transplant program, the largest centre dedicated to transplant care.
We aim to prevent and minimize pain for all children through integrated clinical care, education and research.
By determining how brain tumours form, we're progressing towards more predictable clinical control of the condition.
Bringing scholars together to address inequities in child health in Canada.
The International Patient Program helps children living outside of Canada who require access to specialized paediatric care.
Our strategy to achieve unprecedented outcomes in child and youth mental health.
We're committed to collaborating with partners on culturally appropriate services for Indigenous children and families.
Discover the latest news and stories at SickKids.
Read the latest news and stories in our newsroom.
What patients and families need to know before coming to the hospital.
All media inquiries are coordinated through Communications & Public Affairs.
December 1, 2020
SickKids increasing scheduled clinical care activity
SickKids is pleased to advance to the next phase, Phase 5, starting Nov. 30. Phase 5 increases the number of operating rooms in service for a combination of emergency, urgent and scheduled care.
Breakthrough discoveries, from bench to bedside.
Over 2,000 researchers, trainees and staff are working together to tackle the toughest challenges in child health.
We aim to understand how cells function at the molecular level, and how these functions go awry in disease states.
We conduct and translate research into clinical practice, systems, and policy to improve the health and well-being of children.
Cutting-edge developmental genetics, genomics and stem cell biology research.
We work to determine the role genes play in paediatric health by innovating sequencing and disease modeling technologies.
We develop molecular approaches for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of human diseases.
We focus on advancing understanding of the brain to develop novel approaches to therapy and prevention strategies.
We bring top researchers from several disciplines together to collaborate on research affecting children’s health.
Interested in participating in clinical research at SickKids? Learn about the several ways you can get involved in the next groundbreaking study.
Clinical Research Services at SickKids supports study teams and quality clinical research by providing tools, templates, education, facilities and more.
The Research Ethics Board is an independent body established by the SickKids Board of Directors to protect the rights & welfare of human research participants.
Research Training Centre
RTC supports over 1,300 undergraduate and graduate students, research fellows, and research associates who work and study at SickKids.
Conduct research in a laboratory or clinical setting with top research scientists in their fields during SickKids’ 15-week Summer Research (SSuRe) Program.
Find out how you can join us in pursuing the most innovative and impact research happening in Canada.
The RTC provides research students, fellows, associates, and staff with the skills they need in their current and future research careers.
View the scholarships, awards, and fellowships available to research students and fellows who are a part of the RTC.
Our initiatives and interventions towards creating a diverse research environment.
Our world-class facilities are enabling impactful research to improve patient outcomes.
Promoting the best in research integrity, education & resources.
Building capacity in paediatric nursing research worldwide through education, mentorship & collaboration.
We embrace a culture of learning that spans the breadth of our programs and services.
Every day we work to advance a learning culture to improve patient care, education and research.
Our clinical staff are highly trained health-care professionals who are supported through continued learning.
The Simulation Program is a collaborative program that uses simulation to transform the future of health care.
Professional development, support and tools for KT across the hospital and in the community.
IMHP helps translate and promote the science of early mental health into practice with families.
Patient & Family Education
Health information you can trust from SickKids experts.
Discover CPR & resuscitation training available for families and patients.
Connected Care provides resources to improve the continuum of care for families.
An outreach program to educate and inspire youth with interactive science experiences and programs.
Board-certified teachers provide one-on-one teaching at the patient’s bedside.
A brain-based ECPP that provides unique special education and social-emotional support for children living with epilepsy.
Continuing Professional Development
Basic and advanced life support training for SickKids staff, families and community members.
Connected Care provides paediatric education and workshops for family and community caregivers.
Learn specialized paediatric cardiac acute care clinical skills.
Learn about the Premature Infant Pain Profile-Revised (PIPP-R) assessment tool.
For provincial and national nursing professionals interested in our practice.
Host your next meeting, event or conference in our Learning Concourse.
Find historical records and help preserve the history of the hospital and its staff.
The Library provides access to health science research and resources for staff and families and visitors.
Read, relax and explore books and resources in our Family Centre library.
Evidence-based comprehensive reading intervention programs for struggling readers.
Education evaluation, research and scholarship.
Careers & Volunteers
Each position at SickKids contributes to a world of difference.
Make an impact by applying for a job at SickKids. From clinical care to research and learning, find your next role.
Discover volunteer opportunities for students, adults and families looking to contribute their time.
Volunteer programs available for high school, post-secondary, research and adult volunteers.
The Family Access Network works hand-in-hand with patients and families.
WAV is a registered charity supporting clinical, research and learning programs at SickKids.
SEARCH facilitates patient-specific research efforts in the Emergency Department.
Your donation makes a difference.
Browse by Test Name
Pyruvate Decarboxylase - E1
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase - E2
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase - E3
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase - Total Enzyme Activity
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
Specimen Type - Heart (Endocardium biopsy)
Specimen Type - Kidney (Mostly autopsies)
Specimen Type - Liver (Biopsies/Autopsies)
Specimen Type - Muscle (Biopsies/Autopsies)
Browse Tests by Laboratories
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM)
Microbiology - Serology
Haematopathology - Flow Cytometry
Toll Free: 1-855-381-3212